The high b.p in other terms is called as the hypertension. Blood pressure is defined as the force against the walls of the arteries which circulates the nutrients and oxygen through the blood throughout the body. Generally B.P is measured in terms of two numbers. For example, it is written as 120/80 mmHg. The top number is called as the systolic blood pressure. The lower number is called as the diastolic blood pressure.
Systolic blood pressure is defined as the amount of pressure generated by your heart when pumping the blood through arteries throughout the body. Diastolic blood pressure it is defined as the amount of pressure in your arteries when the heart is at rest between the heart beats.
Normal B.P: If the blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mmHg, then it is said that your blood pressure is in normal condition.
High B.P: If the blood pressure is higher than 120/80 mmHg, that means, if the value is 140/90 mmHg or more, then it is called as high b.p.
Low B.P: If the blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mmHg, that means, if the systolic blood pressure value is 115 say, and the diastolic blood pressure value is say 50, then you say that your blood pressure is lower than normal b.p.
Causes of High B.P
Some factors that cause high b.p. are:
- The amount of water and salt present in your body.
- That status of your nervous system, kidneys, your harmone levels, your blood vessels.
- If you get stressed then also b.p gets high.
- If your age increases and becomes older then also you get high b.p., because the blood vessels becomes stiffer as you get older, then there is a chance of getting heart attacks, kidney failure, heart failure.
- If you eat much salt then also b.p gets high.
- If your parents are having high b.p., then there is a chance of getting you high b.p.
Treatment for High B.P
Here are some ways to control high blood pressure:
- First consult the doctor to check the b.p reading. If you are having high b.p. then your doctor suggest you some medicines. Take those medicines.
- Reduce the amount of salt in your daily food.
- Avoid stress. Do meditation to reduce the stress. Avoid things which cause stress.
- Take the normal diet that is healthy to your heart.
- Take plenty of water.
- Exercise daily for about 20 to 30 minutes.
- Maintain the normal body weight.
- Eat more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods.
- Cut back on foods that are high in saturated fat, cholesterol, and trans fats.
- Eat more whole-grain foods, fish, poultry, and nuts.
- Limit sodium, sweets, sugary drinks, and red meats.